His research is focused on the implementation of flexible adaptive behavior in the human brain, in particular on performance monitoring, learning from action outcomes and decision making. His work has contributed to the understanding of the functional roles of the posterior mesial frontal cortex in monitoring for changes in task demands and informative action outcomes, and in driving necessary adjustments.
This research is done in a multimodal fashion, including EEG, functional, structural and diffusion MRI, pharmacological challenges, imaging genetics, peripheral psychophysiology and computational modeling applied in healthy participants and patients with selected neurological and psychiatric disorders.
The work has great societal importance as it helps to understand how people detect their errors and unsuccessful actions, and how they compensate and remediate failures. Furthermore, it contributes to the understanding why and when errors are made.